Installing Nginx Web Server on FreeBSD

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nginx [engine x] is a HTTP server, reverse proxy and mail proxy server written by Igor Sysoev. It is a lightweight web server, licensed under a BSD-like license. It the fastest growing and one of the most popular web server.

Installing from FreeBSD ports tree

Type the following command to update FreeBSD tree, enter:

# portsnap fetch update


Looking up portsnap.FreeBSD.org mirrors... 7 mirrors found.
Fetching public key from your-org.portsnap.freebsd.org... done.
Fetching snapshot tag from your-org.portsnap.freebsd.org... done.
Fetching snapshot metadata... done.
Fetching snapshot generated at Fri Sep 9 05:32:42 IST 2016:
16ed4abfc9b7777b9ca5999867f5bfa793c7e1c1902b89100% of 71 MB 3978 kBps 00m18s
Extracting snapshot... done.
Verifying snapshot integrity...

Type the following command to install the Nginx web server port:

# cd /usr/ports/www/nginx/
# make install clean

You will be presented with the TUI that allows you to select the modules you want installed. I would suggest at minimum selecting REWRITE_MODULE, SSL_MODULE and possibly HTTP_GEOIP.


Installing from FreeBSD package manager PKG

Add the binary package using the following command:

# pkg install nginx


Enabling Nginx Webserver Service to start automatically at boot

Type the following command to turn on Nginx server

# echo 'nginx_enable="YES"' >> /etc/rc.conf

Or use the more appropriate sysrc tool which we=as

# sysrc nginx_enable="YES"

To start Nginx, enter:

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx start

Or

# service nginx start

The following will scroll down the terminal confirming that the nginx config was tested to be syntactically correct.


Performing sanity check on nginx configuration:
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
Starting nginx.

To stop Nginx, enter:

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx stop

Or

# service nginx stop

To restart Nginx, enter:

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx restart

Or

# service nginx restart


Reload an nginx server after config file changes

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx reload

Or

# service nginx reload

Before restarting or reloading Nginx its always worth running the configuration test command so that you can validate the syntax of the Nginx config. This will eliminate any unexpected downtime of your web server.

# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx configtest>

Or

# service nginx configtest

Default for Nginx on FreeBSD

Nginx Default configuration file: /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
Nginx Default http / https port: 80 / 443
Nginx Default error log file: /var/log/nginx-error.log
Nginx Default access log file: /var/log/nginx-access.log
Nginx Default DocumentRoot: /usr/local/www/nginx/
Nginx service command: service nginx (start|stop|restart|reload|configtest|upgrade|gracefulstop|status|poll)

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